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E-Quipped to...Comprehend What ‘Extravert’ and ‘Introvert’ Really Mean
This newsletter refers to 'Understanding Extraverts and Introverts', a comprehensive article found on my website.
Most people think that the word “extravert” describes a party person and the word “introvert” describes a shy person. For psychologists, however, the terms have a more accurate and complex meaning.
Image by: AnnC
The concepts of extraversion and introversion come from Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung’s theory of “Psychological Type” first published in the early 1920s. The terms were later used in the early 1940s by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers to construct the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) a popular and well-known personality inventory.
The Myers-Briggs literature uses the terms extraversion (spelling as used in MBTI publications) and introversion as Jung first used them: Extraversion means literally outward-turning and introversion, inward-turning and looks at where individuals orientate their energy or get energised.
Briggs and Myers recognized that the “extraverted attitude” operates in the external world of behaviour, action, people and things and the “introverted attitude” operates in the internal world of ideas and reflection. In other words, extraverts are action-oriented and introverts are thought-oriented.
People will tend to prefer one or the other and so are labelled as an “extravert” or an “introvert”. These two terms form the opposite ends of a continuum, with a stronger or clearer preference towards the outside and a weaker, less clear preference towards the middle of the continuum.
Characteristics of Extraverts and Introverts
For a table comparing the characteristics of extraverts and introverts, read my article: Understanding Extraverts and Introverts
3 Tips for Extraverts
When dealing with introverts it is useful to keep the following in mind:
For 4 more tips read my article: Understanding Extraverts and Introverts
3 Tips for Introverts
When dealing with extraverts it is useful to keep the following in mind:
For 2 more tips read my article: Understanding Extraverts and Introverts
Thank you for the Feedback
Thanks to Milica, Anne, Gillian, Anthea and Judy for the feedback after last month's newsletter.
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You may have been forwarded this email by a friend. In that case, allow me to introduce myself. I am a psychologist, speaker, trainer, coach and hat lover based in Kloof, a suburb of Durban, South Africa. I also do online counselling and coaching and I have clients all over the world.
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